146 B.C.


To 150 B.C.149 B.C.148 B.C.147 B.C.146 B.C.

The following timeline includes some of the more important events that took place during the final year of the Third Punic War, with references to relevant passages within our principal ancient sources.


YEAR: 146 B.C.

CONSULS: Gn. Cornelius Lentulus, L. Mummius

146, Part I: Endgame

spring: The siege of Carthage resumes with Scipio launching an assault on the city’s port district and its two connected harbours; in preparation for the Roman attack, Hasdrubal orders the burning of buildings standing next to the rectangular merchant harbour (Appian 127; Cassius Dio 21.30)

With the defenders’ attention focused mainly on the merchant harbour and the surrounding area, Gaius Laelius manages to break into the circular military harbour, easily overcoming the starved and demoralised troops who are guarding that part of the port district; Scipio takes advantage of the new foothold and seizes the neighbouring market square, where he and his soldiers spend the night under arms (Appian 127; Cassius Dio 21.30)

Tiberius Sempronius Gracchus earns the distinction of being the first to scale the walls of Carthage; this deed is attested to by Gaius Fannius, “who writes that he himself climbed up with Tiberius and shared in the exploit” (Plutarch, Tiberius Gracchus 4)

The next morning, Scipio brings in 4,000 fresh troops who — against orders — proceed to plunder the Temple of Apollo, stripping it of its lavish gold decorations before returning to duty (Appian 127)

[work in progress]

146, Part II: Triumph

[work in progress]

The collections of Carthage’s libraries are distributed amongst the ‘petty kings of Africa’ (presumably referring to Rome’s allies, such as the Numidian royal house), but by order of the Roman Senate, the Carthaginian writer Mago’s esteemed manual on agriculture is brought to Rome for translation into Latin (Pliny, Historia Naturalis 18.22)

[work in progress]


To 150 B.C.149 B.C.148 B.C.147 B.C.146 B.C.


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